Adobe AIR allows developers to use the same code to create applications for Windows, Mac OS, Android and iOS.
Adobe Flash Player is a plugin known worldwide and is destined to disappear in favor of HTML5.
This plugin created by Adobe allows you to play flash games on the Internet (eg : Junglokdo), see flash animations that still exist on the Internet, use audio players and / or video created in Flash as dewplayer, ...
Shockwave Player is a plugin mainly used for some flash games and some 3D games.
This plugin is rarely used on the Internet, except on flash games sites.
Java is a plugin created by Oracle that has existed for over 20 years. This plugin allows you to create multi-platform programs (such as OpenOffice, programming environments like Eclipse, ...), but also applets that were running in web pages.
Microsoft Silverlight is a plugin created by Microsoft that is based on the .Net framework. This plugin is rarely used, but it is used in particular to create media player (audio and video), ...
5 software displayed.