VirtualBox is a virtualization solution currently developed by Oracle and which allows you to create virtual machines even more easily since its new version 7.0.
Indeed, you can select the edition to install, define the name of the 1st user, ... when creating the virtual machine.
Then, the installation will be done without any intervention on your part.
Download VirtualBox 7 and run the downloaded installer file.
The "Oracle VM VirtualBox 7.x.x Installation" program appears.
On VirtualBox 7, the components used are always the same.
When installing VirtualBox, your network connection will be reset.
Hence the appearance of this warning to avoid cutting off an important download that is in progress (for example).
This is due to the installation of virtual network cards on the physical PC which will be used to provide network and/or Internet access to your VirtualBox virtual machines.
Since VirtualBox 7, a "Missing Dependencies Python Core / win32api" step will appear.
Click Yes to automatically install the necessary dependencies.
Then, click Install.
VirtualBox 7 has been installed.
VirtualBox 7 appears.
As you can see, the interface has changed slightly from older versions of VirtualBox.
To benefit from all the features of VirtualBox, you must also download and install the VirtualBox 7 extension pack.
To do this, download the "VirtualBox 7.x.x Oracle VM VirtualBox Extension Pack" available on the VirtualBox download page and double click on the downloaded file to open it with VirtualBox.
Note that since version 7 of VirtualBox, USB support is now part of VirtualBox.
It's therefore no longer present in the extension pack.
As you can see, the expansion pack allows you to add the following features :
Click on : Installation.
Scroll down to the bottom of the displayed VirtualBox license so that the "I accept" button activates and click on this button.
Click on the "Menu" button located to the right of "Tools" and click on "Extensions".
The installed extension pack appears : Oracle VM VirtualBox Extension Pack.
To create a new virtual machine on VirtualBox, make sure you are in the "Tools" section, then click on the "New" button.
As you can see, VirtualBox allows you to virtualize different types of operating systems :
To get started, provide a name for your new virtual machine and change the folder where you want to store it if you wish.
By default, your virtual machine will be created in a "VirtualBox VMs" subfolder of your user directory.
In "ISO Image", click "Other" to select the OS ISO file you want to install.
Then, the previously selected ISO files will automatically appear in this "ISO Image" list.
Select the operating system ISO file you want to install in your virtual machine.
In our case, the ISO file of Windows 10 v2104 (21H1) x64.
Once the ISO file has been selected, a list of editions may appear in "Edition".
As you can see, the Windows 10 ISO file allows you to install multiple editions.
But, if you have a serial number of Windows 10, it's important to select the edition that corresponds to it.
Otherwise, this serial number will not work.
For this tutorial, we will install the "Professional" edition of Windows 10.
As you can see, the type (Microsoft Windows, in this case) and version (Windows 10 (64-bit)) were automatically selected by VirtualBox based on the name of your virtual machine.
Finally, since VirtualBox 7, you have the option of installing an operating system by providing the necessary information when creating the virtual machine.
This allows VirtualBox to automatically install and configure the guest operating system (the one installed in the virtual machine) without you needing to intervene during the installation.
To leave this automatic system enabled, leave the "Skip Unattended Installation" box unchecked.
As you can see, VirtualBox tells you that in this case the operating system can be installed and configured automatically.
Detected OS type: Windows 10 (64-bit). This OS type can be installed unattendedly. The install will start after this wizard is closed.
At the "Unattended Guest OS Install Setup" step, you will see that VirtualBox has already set some defaults.
It's up to you to modify them as you wish :
At the "Hardware" step, you will need to select the amount of random access memory (RAM) and processor cores you want to allocate to your virtual machine.
By default, these settings are adapted according to the operating system that you want to install in your virtual machine.
In addition, VirtualBox shows you the values not to exceed according to your physical hardware thanks to the colors : green, orange and red.
You can also choose whether or not to enable EFI (if the guest operating system supports it).
In the case of Windows, EFI is supported from Windows 7. But secure boot (which can be enabled separately) is only available since Windows 8.
In our case, we will allocate 4 GB (4096 MB) of RAM, 2 CPU cores and enable booting in UEFI mode by checking the "Enable EFI (special OSes only)" box.
At the "Virtual Hard disk" step, leave the "Create a Virtual Hard Disk Now" option selected to create a new virtual hard disk.
Again, the default size of this will be adapted automatically by VirtualBox depending on the operating system you want to install in your virtual machine.
However, also take into account the space required for the programs you want to install there.
Note : if needed, you can add additional virtual hard disks to your virtual machine later.
A summary of your virtual machine configuration appears.
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